February 21, 2020

450 words 3 mins read

Anomaly detection in smart buildings using federated learning

Anomaly detection in smart buildings using federated learning

There's an exponential growth in the number of internet-enabled devices on modern smart buildings. IoT sensors measure temperature, lighting, IP camera, and more. Tuhin Sharma and Bargava Subramanian explain how they built anomaly-detection models using federated learningwhich is privacy preserving and doesn't require data to be moved to the cloudfor data quality and cybersecurity.

Talk Title Anomaly detection in smart buildings using federated learning
Speakers Tuhin Sharma (Binaize), Bargava Subramanian (Binaize)
Conference O’Reilly Artificial Intelligence Conference
Conf Tag Put AI to Work
Location London, United Kingdom
Date October 15-17, 2019
URL Talk Page
Slides Talk Slides

A modern smart building has a number of internet-enabled devices. IoT sensors to measure temperature, internet-enabled lighting, IP camera, IP phone, etc., and data is generated at scale across all the devices. There are two critical aspects of the network of devices to function well: data quality (the generated data has to be correct within an accepted error range) and security (with a number of internet-connected devices, securing the network from cyberthreats is very important). But there are two broad challenges to achieve this: the data collected is very sensitive to business operations and hence the solution has to be privacy preserving, and the amount of data generated is huge and is not feasible to upload all of them to the cloud. Tuhin Sharma and Bargava Subramanian explain how they used federated learning to build anomaly-detection models that monitor data quality and cybersecurity while preserving data privacy. Federated learning enables edge devices to collaboratively learn a machine learning model but keep all of the data on the device itself. Instead of moving data to the cloud, the models are trained on the device and only the updates of the model are shared across the network. Using federated learning gives you the following advantages: more accurate and low latency models where the data is not moved and only the model updates are shared, resulting in models having low latency (since the models are on the device) and being more accurate; privacy preserving because the data remains on the device; and energy efficient, because the workload on the device is drastically reduced—leading to lower power consumption and longer device life. Tuhin and Bargava built deep learning models using TensorFlow and deployed using uTensor, a lightweight ML inference framework built on mbed and TensorFlow. They outline their architecture and show you how federated learning can help improve the models. Federated learning provides a framework to port models across organizations for the same domain of the device, something not possible in traditional cloud-based anomaly detection models, which makes it easy to deploy with very limited data. Join in to hear some of Tuhin and Bargava’s success stories.

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